The Constitution of the Philippines( Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas or Konstitusyon ng Pilipinas,Spanish: Constitucin de la Repblica de Filipinas) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines. Its final draft was completed by the Constitutional Commission on October 12,1986,and was ratified by a nationwide plebiscite on February 2,1987.Created:October 12, 1986Date effective:February 2, 1987Jurisdiction:PhilippinesRatified:February 2, 1987
What is the Constitution of the Philippines?
The constitution of the Philippines is the supreme law of the land as of 1987. Prevailing themes throughout the document are peace and equality. Adherence to international law is also important. The state has the right to pursue international relations with other nations, and nuclear weapons of any kind are restricted from the Philippine islands.
What is the legal system in the Philippines?
What is law in the Philippines? The Philippine legal system is a mixture of customary usage, Roman (civil law) and Anglo-American (common law) systems, and Islamic law. The legal system is the result of the immigration of Muslim Malays in the fourteenth century and the subsequent colonisation of the islands by Spain and the United States.
What is the fundamental law of land in the Philippines?
The Constitution (1987) is the fundamental law of the land in the Philippines. It establishes the structure, policies, roles and duties of the Philippines’ government. Which law is known as fundamental law?
What is constitutional law?
Updated August 29, 2019 Constitutional law is a body of law based on a ratified constitution or similar formative charter dealing with the fundamental principles by which a government exercises its authority. These principles typically define the roles and powers of the various branches of the government and the basic rights of the people.
What is the right of the people to information?
SECTION 7. The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized. Access to official records, and to documents, and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.
What is section 23?
SECTION 23. The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation.
What is the meaning of section 4?
SECTION 4. No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances. SECTION 5. No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.
What is the purpose of access to official records?
Access to official records, and to documents, and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law. SECTION 8.
What is the purpose of Section 9?
The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all .
How long do you have to be in the Philippines to vote?
Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election.
What is the Philippines’ policy of peace?
The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. SECTION 3.
The 1987 Philippines Constitution
Today the Philippines has a constitution that was ratified in 1987. This constitution came into effect after what is knowns as the People’s Power revolution, the EDSA Revolution, or February Revolution.
Inside the 1987 Philippines Consitution
The Filipino 1987 constitution is essential as it sets out the rights of the individuals along with the government’s power and authority. It is a constitution that helps hold the Filipino society together and ensures that it doesn’t go into chaos.
Revising or Changing the Philippines 1987 Constitution
Today it is pretty challenging to revise or amend the Philippines’ 1987 constitution. Because of this, the constitution has received some criticism within the Philippines.
When people look at the “a”e Filipino, it c”n “ecome confusing because it is spelled with “F” and not with a “Ph” like the Philippines is.
What are the rights and freedoms of individuals?
As essential elements of constitutional law, human rights and civil liberties protect the rights and freedoms of individuals against the actions of the government. Human rights refer to the natural rights and freedoms of all people no matter where they live, such as freedom from religious persecution or enslavement. Civil liberties are the rights and freedoms specifically granted to individuals by a constitution, such as the right to trial by jury or protection from unreasonable search and seizure by the police.
What is the Supreme Court?
The U.S. Supreme Court resolves disputes involving constitutional issues. Since its landmark ruling in the 1803 case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court has, through the process of judicial review, acted as the ultimate interpreter of the Constitution. Decisions of the Supreme Court become a permanent part of constitutional law and are thus binding on the parties involved, as well as the federal and state governments and the people.
What is the foundation of all other procedural and substantive laws applied within the country?
By establishing the authority of the government, as well as the rights of the people, constitutional law is the foundation of all other procedural and substantive laws applied within the country.
What is the principle of the rule of law?
The constitutions of virtually all nations establish a “rule of law,” the principle under which all persons, institutions, and entities within the country—including the government itself—are held equally accountable to the laws enacted by the central government. Constitutional law strives to ensure that these laws are:
How does constitutional law evolve over time?
Constitutional law evolves over time as it is interpreted by the courts and legislative bodies.
What is the process of enacting new laws?
Legislative Procedures. Constitutional law establishes rules and procedures by which governments legislate, or make laws. For example, the process for enacting new laws or amending existing laws, the method of amending the constitution, and the number of terms or years a member of the legislative body may serve.
What are the elements of constitutional law?
Common elements of constitutional law include the provision and assurance of human rights and civil liberties, legislative powers, the division of governmental powers, and assurance of protection under the rule of law.