Why do we need drug policy reform?
Why We Need Drug Policy Reform. Current drug policies are failing. After 50 years of the war on drugs, the supply and use of drugs hasn’t just increased—it’s created a massive illicit market that contributes to violence, amplifies conflict, and breeds corruption. Throughout the world, poorly designed drug policies, the criminalization of …
Do federal drug laws supersede federal drug laws?
Federal drug laws, including the Controlled Substances Act, regulate the possession, trafficking, and manufacturing of drugs. Even though states have their own laws on drugs, federal laws supersede state laws—including those regarding the medical/recreational use of marijuana.
What is the new drug policy?
The new drug policy is an all encompassing policy framework that is being drafted by an expert committee to provide guidelines to the pharma industry. The main objectives of this policy are: to ensure availability of essential pharma products at reasonable prices; to strengthen the indigenous capability to produce cost effective and quality …
What is drug policy reform?
What Does Drug Policy Reform Mean? What Does Drug Policy Reform Mean? Drug Policy Reform is any action undertaken by a government as a result of mandates, referendums, petitions or popular consensus of constituents.
What is NACDL reform?
NACDL calls upon the federal and state governments to end the War on Drugs by declaring all drug use to be a health rather than a criminal problem and immediately repeal all laws criminalizing the possession, use and delivery of controlled substances. NACDL fights the discriminatory enforcement and disproportionate impact …
What is the Supreme Court ruling in Burrage v. United States?
Supreme Court issued an important criminal law ruling in the case of Burrage v. United States by applying the rule of lenity – a rule of statutory construction that resolves ambiguities in the language of a law in favor of the defendant.
How many states have legalized marijuana?
Thirty-six states and Washington, DC have legalized medical marijuana, and fifteen states and Washington, D.C. have legalized recreational marijuana for adults. For more information on existing state laws on marijuana, click here. NACDL tracks state legislation related to marijuana and other drug law reforms.
What bill did the House pass in 2020?
In 2020, the House of Representatives passed the MORE Act ( H.R. 3884 / S. 2227 ), but the legislation failed to advance in the Senate. In 2019, NACDL signed onto a coalition letter in support of the MORE Act . Continue reading below.
What is CLE training?
This program is a contemporary training that identifies emerging technologies and digital evidence encountered in today’s criminal cases and arms you with the tools necessary to combat expert witnesses, prosecutorial overreach, and an uneducated judge and jury. This comprehensive CLE program covers both general aspects of new technologies as well as practical courtroom application and legal challenges to the use of these new technologies.
How does prohibition affect black people?
Since the onset of the war on drugs, cannabis prohibition has carried devastating consequences for communities of color. In the past decade alone, despite similar usage rates, Black Americans across the country have been 3.6 times more likely to be arrested for cannabis possession than white Americans. Cannabis criminalization has also been used to justify an increase in police surveillance, expanding the overall scope of policing and diverting scarce resources away from education and valuable social services. Today, lawmakers are beginning to rethink these practices, instead introducing new policies advancing legalization, decriminalization, retroactive expungement and resentencing, and community reinvestment.
What is the Defender’s Guide to Federal Evidence?
It also summarizes countless defense favorable cases and provides tips on how to avoid common evidentiary pitfalls. The Guide contains multiple user-friendly flowcharts aimed at helping the criminal defense lawyer tackle evidence problems. A Defender’s Guide to Federal Evidence is an indispensable tool in preparing a case for trial.
How does decriminalisation work in practice?
There are many ways in which drug policy can be changed, with different countries, and even different states/territories in Australia, applying policies differently.
What are the two ways drug policy reform is talked about?
There are two ways in which drug policy reform is talked about – legalisation and decriminalisation.
What is drug policy reform?
Drug policy reform is where the government changes the law so that drugs which are currently illegal become legal.
What is discretionary power in drug policy?
This means that they can decide on criminal charges for individuals depending on the case.
How many groups of drugs are there?
There are currently two broad groups of drugs – those allowed by government policy, such as prescribed medications and alcohol, and those that are banned.
What is the point of decriminalization?
The point of decriminalisation is to prevent people from entering the justice system and receiving a criminal record for using a drug.
How has decriminalization helped Portugal?
Decriminalisation in Portugal has helped to reduce stigma 7, eased the pressure on the criminal justice system and reduced the prison population. 8
What Kind of Policies Could We Enact Instead?
The failure of the war on drugs has led to new ideas and alternative models, including:
What is the war on drugs?
The war on drugs refers to coordinated campaigns by governments over the last 50 years to enforce the prohibition of drugs largely through the coercive suppression of production and criminalization of drug use, possession, and supply. As the Global Commission on Drug Policy, a group of eminent world leaders and intellectuals who promote …
Why are drug policies failing?
Throughout the world, poorly designed drug policies , the criminalization of people who use drugs, farmers and other low-level actors, and harsh enforcement measures have fueled social marginalization, health crises, and mass incarceration.
What is regulated drug market?
Regulation : In a regulated drug market, the supply and purchase of drugs is permitted and legal under specific circumstances. Regulation can take different forms and entail various levels of control.
What is the Global Commission on Drug Policy?
As the Global Commission on Drug Policy, a group of eminent world leaders and intellectuals who promote evidence-based drug policy reforms at international, national, and regional levels , said in 2011:
How many people died from drug overdoses in 2019?
These numbers continue to rise. Health epidemics: According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 70,000 people died from drug overdoses in 2019, making it a leading cause of injury-related death in the United States. Since 1999, more than 850,000 Americans have died from a drug overdose.
How many times more likely are black people to be arrested for marijuana than white people?
In the US, Black people are 3.6 times more likely than white people to be arrested for marijuana, despite similar usage rates.
What would the DPRA do?
The bill would end individual penalties at the federal level for drug possession. If enacted, the DPRA would decriminalize drug possession at the federal level. And not just marijuana or psilocybin, as some states and cities have. The bill would eliminate criminal penalties for possession of all drugs.
What is the purpose of the Drug Policy Action group?
Through it’s lobbying arm, Drug Policy Action, the group was instrumental in the nation’s first all-drug decriminalization act — Measure 110 in Oregon. Voters approved that measure on Nov. 3, 2020 in a ballot initiative.
What is Measure 110?
Voters approved that measure on Nov. 3, 2020 in a ballot initiative. Similar to the DPRA, Measure 110 eliminates criminal penalties for drug possession. It also expands access to evidence-informed drug treatment, housing, and harm reduction services. Image courtesy of M.O. Stevens via Wikimedia Commons.
What are the issues that people arrested for drug crimes face?
The bill also addresses some of the issues people arrested for drug crimes face, including access to public benefits, immigration status issues, voting rights, driving privileges, and denial of employment. Rep. Bush says that this new approach could help address the wrongs of the past.
How many people want to end the war on drugs?
Nearly 65% said they wanted to end The War on Drugs. And 64% said they supported eliminating mandatory minimum sentences for drug-related crimes. The poll reflects Americans’ changing attitudes towards drugs. It comes at a time when support for legalized marijuana is at an all-time high.
What was the War on Drugs?
The War on Drugs stands as a stain on our national conscience since its very inception ,” she said. “Begun in 1972 as a cynical political tactic of the Nixon Administration, the War on Drugs has destroyed the lives of countless Americans and their families.
Is DPRA the first decriminalization measure?
Lawmakers in Oregon passed a similar bill last year. The DPRA would not be the first decrimina lization measure in the U.S. Reps. Bush and Watson-Coleman worked together with the non-profit group Drug Policy Alliance (DPA) to craft the bill. The New York City-based group works to “reduce the harms of both drug use and drug prohibition.”.
What is criminal justice reform?
The United States not only imprisons more people than any other nation in the world, but also criminalizes entire communities with an over-reliance on aggressive policing and other criminal legal tools to solve social problems. This system causes a great deal of harm to families and communities, …
What is the Drug Policy Alliance?
The Drug Policy Alliance is committed to identifying and promoting health-centered alternatives to harmful, punitive drug laws. We are working to remove criminal penalties for drug possession and use, improve police-community relationships and end aggressive law enforcement practices, reverse draconian sentencing laws that result in discriminatory outcomes, and eliminate life-long barriers to social participation faced by people with even a minor drug conviction.
How did the drug war affect the US?
Since the 1970s, drug war practices have led to the marginalization of millions of Americans – disproportionately poor people and people of color – while failing to reduce problematic drug use, drug-related disease transmission, overdose deaths, or the violence associated with some drug markets. Criminalizing millions of people for drug offenses has created public and for-profit systems of punishment that have bankrupted us morally.
Why are women in prison so fast growing?
Women are now a fast growing segment of the U.S. prison population, largely because of draconian drug laws. We must work to reduce the devastating effects of the drug war on women, particularly women of color. Pregnant People & the Drug War.