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Tag: What is meant by the term proximity

what does proximity mean in law

what does proximity mean in law插图

Sufficiently close
What does proximity mean in law? Proximity simply means that the parties must be ‘sufficiently close’ so that it is ‘reasonably foreseeable’ that one party’s negligence would cause loss or damage to the other. Fairness means that it is ‘fair,just and reasonable’ for one party to owe the duty to another.

What are the principles of proximity?

What are three examples of the principles we use to group stimuli?Proximity. The principle of proximity states that,all else being equal,perception tends to group stimuli that are close together as part of the same object,and stimuli that are …Similarity. …Closure. …Good Continuation. …Common Fate. …Good Form. …See also. …References.

What is meant by the term proximity?

Proximity. Proximity means closeness, either terms physical distance, personal relationship, length time. someone sitting next you, then they are close proximity you.What does proximity mean psychology Also, what does…

What is an example of proximity?

{The student would also include a picture of the example.}Books were observed on the shelf of a bookcase in the library.Five books were seen pressed tightly together with a bookend ensuring that they stayed pressed together. …The five books pressed together present as a group and can be assumed to be a grouping of some type because of their enforced proximity to each other.More items…

What are synonyms of proximity?

Synonyms for proximity include closeness, vicinity, nearness, propinquity, adjacency, contiguity, immediacy, presence, juxtaposition and neighborhood. Find more …

Proximity in Historical Law

You might be interested in the historical meaning of this term. Browse or search for Proximity in Historical Law in the Encyclopedia of Law.


This definition of Proximity is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary . This entry needs to be proofread.

Vocabularies (Semantic Web Information)

Prima Facie Legal Definition and Related Resources of Prima Facie Meaning of Prima Facie At first sight ; on the first appearance ; on the face of it. Prima Facie Alternative…

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What is proximity in law?

Share Link. "Proximity" is a complex legal concept that refers to the relationship between entities in a criminal or civil case. Those entities can be inanimate objects, or human beings. It is a concept applied according to the dictates of each individual case.

What are some examples of proximity?

If those items are physically located next to each other, than law enforcement can conclude that the items are related to each other, and that their geographic closeness is an indication of that linkage. Money found near illegal drugs, or a weapon found near money traced to a robbery, are instances of two items being in close proximity to each other and, consequently, likely linked to each other (the gun was used in the commitment of the robbery; the money was aquired to the illegal sale of drugs).

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Why is proximity important in a conspiracy?

Because it is not illegal to think or talk about committing a crime, but it is illegal to be actively planning to commit the crime, the issue of "proximity" is very important in conspiracy cases. It speaks to a determination of how close the defendents actually came to carrying out the crime.

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What is factual causation?

Factual causation relies on the “but for” test in order to establish whether or not causation exists. Factual causation requires only an answer to one question: “But for the defendant’s actions, would the harm have occurred?” If the answer is No, there is factual causation. In many cases, this type of causation is not enough. The plaintiff must prove legal causation.

What is proximate cause?

In a legal sense, the term proximate cause refers to a thing that happened to cause something else to occur. This is usually brought up when something has gone wrong, such as an automobile accident in which someone was injured, and refers to the non-injured party’s legal responsibility for the event. Examples of proximate cause are often found in …

Why is it important to establish proximate cause in personal injury cases?

It is important that courts establish proximate cause in personal injury cases because not everyone nor everything that causes an injury can be held legally liable. Suppose a driver loses control of his car after slipping on a patch of wet leaves and crashes into another car, injuring its driver. The leaves are considered …

What are the circumstances that may be considered by the court in foreseeability of harm?

There are other circumstances that may be considered by the court in foreseeability of harm, such as the type of harm, the manner of harm, and the severity of harm.

What happened to Denise and Sally?

Sally, driving her yellow car arrives at work on time, without incident. Denise, driving her dark blue car, is hit by a distracted driver on her way to work. Even accepting the fact that fewer yellow cars are involved in accidents, there is no evidence to assume that the dark color of Denise’s car caused her accident. In other words, the color of the car is not proximate cause for the accident.

What is the relationship between two facts?

Correlation, which is a relationship or link between two facts, is determined by studies, and comparing statistics. It implies that one thing always, or sometimes, happens when some other thing happens, or is present.

What is the but for rule?

A legal example of the “but for” rule being applied can be found in a 1910 case in the United Kingdom, in which a man put poison in his mother’s glass of milk, with the intent of killing her. The mother took a few sips of the poisoned milk, then went to bed – she never woke up.

What is the "but for" rule?

To help determine the proximate cause of an injury in Negligence or other tort cases, courts have devised the "but for" or "sine qua non" rule, which considers whether the injury would not have occurred but for the defendant’s negligent act. A finding that an injury would not have occurred …

What is proximate cause?

proximate cause. n. a happening which results in an event, particularly injury due to negligence or an intentional wrongful act. In order to prevail (win) in a lawsuit for damages due to negligence or some other wrong, it is essential to claim (plead) proximate cause in the complaint and to prove in trial that the negligent act …

What happens when there is an intervening cause?

Sometimes there is an intervening cause which comes between the original negligence of the defendant and the injured plaintiff, which will either reduce the amount of responsibility or, if this intervening cause is the substantial reason for the injury, then the defendant will not be liable at all.

What does it mean when a finding that an injury would not have occurred but for a defendant’s act?

A finding that an injury would not have occurred but for a defendant’s act establishes that the particular act or omission is the proximate cause of the harm, but it does not necessarily establish liability since a variety of other factors can come into play in tort actions.

What is the primary cause of an injury?

Proximate cause is the primary cause of an injury. It is not necessarily the closest cause in time or space nor the first event that sets in motion a sequence of events leading to an injury. Proximate cause produces particular, foreseeable consequences without the intervention of any independent or unforeseeable cause.