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Tag: What is net neutrality and why does it matter

what was the net neutrality law

what was the net neutrality law插图

Net neutrality law refers tolaws and regulations which enforce the principle of net neutrality. [1][2]Opponents of net neutrality enforcement claim regulation is unnecessary,because broadband service providers have no plans to block content or degrade network performance. [3]Opponents of net neutrality regulation also argue that the best solution to discrimination by broadband providers is to encourage greater competition among such providers,which is currently limited in many areas.

Why net neutrality is a bad thing?

Unfortunately, net neutrality is a small part of a wider effort to erode property rights in America. As with eminent domain, zoning laws, and the like, net neutrality holds that it is moral to violate the rights of property owners for the “greater good.”

What is net neutrality and why we need it?

Visit www.aclu.org/freethenet to learn more about how to protect your Internet freedom!Censored Speech and Content. Without Net Neutrality,network providers can block or slow down access to sites they don’t like. …No User Choice. Without Net Neutrality,network providers – not you – will determine what services and equipment you can use on the Internet. …Banned Chat Rooms. …Online Gamer Restrictions. …Expensive Downloads and Pod-casting. …

What is ‘net neutrality’ and why does it matter?

Net neutrality is the principle that internet providers treat all web traffic equally, and it’s pretty much how the internet has worked since its creation.

What are the arguments for and against net neutrality?

Arguments ForRights-Based Arguments: People have a right to a neutral internet,from which they can have reliable access to all information on it,regardless of source.Abuse of Pseudo-Monopoly Power: ISPs have incentive to abuse their position to make profit. …The Internet is a Utility: As mentioned before,it is unwise to treat an ISP as a retailer. …More items…

Why do companies want net neutrality?

Some who favor net neutrality the most are political groups who want to make sure that they are able to get their ads and publicity to the public without interference from the cable company.

When did the FCC repeal net neutrality?

When the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to repeal net neutrality rules in December 2017, it was the latest but hardly the last move in a hotly contested battle over regulating Internet service providers (ISPs).

When did the FCC reclassify broadband?

After studying this shift, the FCC in 2015 reclassified broadband as a telecommunication service. This gave them much more regulatory authority over the industry, and they used this power to put in place strong net neutrality rules designed to prevent ISPs from discriminating against providers of content and services. Now the FCC has reversed course.

Does Hulu have its own streaming service?

Think of all the competition in video streaming—Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu, CBS, and HBO have their own streaming services—none of these services can be thwarted, slowed down, or discriminated against by the ISP under current net neutrality rules. This means consumers get to make their own choices.

Who wrote the amicus brief?

Professor Christopher Jon Sprigman wrote an amicus brief aimed at overturning the net neutrality repeal on behalf of members of Congress. Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Rep. Anna Eshoo (D-Ca.), and 103 of their Congressional colleagues filed the brief on August 28, 2018.

Where do people get their internet?

Now most people get their internet services from either a cable company or a telephone company, and they use broadband to access email or the New York Times or cloud services from Microsoft. These services have nothing to do with the cable company—people are using broadband internet access basically like the telephone.

Do Europeans have net neutrality?

The Europeans have net neutrality across the EU. By repealing net neutrality, we become out of step with our major trading partners. I frankly don’t think they are going to follow us down that road; I think they’ve made the decision, and they are sticking to it. I don’t expect any comparative advantage to come from our going the opposite direction.

What Is Net Neutrality?

Network (Net) neutrality is the concept that all data on the internet should be treated equally by corporations, such as internet service providers (ISPs) and governments, regardless of content, user, platform, application, or device. In other words, net neutrality stipulates that service providers should not slow down nor block content from users.

What is the sticking point for regulation?

The sticking point for regulation had been whether broadband service providers were considered information services, which allows users to publish and store information on the internet, or telecommunication services. In 2015, under the Obama Administration, net neutrality rules were approved.

What is the outcome of the 2020 presidential election?

2. The outcome of the 2020 presidential election is expected to result in a battle to get tough net neutrality rules restored —the democrats and President Biden have long championed open internet rules.

Why is network neutrality important?

Advocates for network neutrality suggest that by not allowing ISPs to determine the speed at which consumers can access specific websites or services, smaller companies will be more likely to enter the market and create new services. This is because smaller companies may not be able to afford to pay for “fast lane” access, while larger, more established companies can.

When did the FCC roll back net neutrality?

Those changes proved to be short-lived, though. On Nov. 21, 2017, Ajit Pai, the chair of the FCC appointed by former President Trump, unveiled a plan to roll back the rules set forth by the prior administration. This plan went into effect on June 11th, 2018. On Oct. 1, 2019, the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the FCC’s plan to repeal most of the provisions of Net Neutrality but struck down a provision that would block states from implementing their own open internet rules. 1

What is the European Union?

The European Union (EU) formed regulations to promote and protect an open internet, preventing internet service providers from restricting and blocking users’ access to lawful content. 9 Certain exceptions, such as the ability to slow traffic at the request of a court order, apply.

When was net neutrality repealed?

U.S. net neutrality laws were enacted by the Obama administration in 2015 and later repealed by the Trump Administration in 2018.

Why did the FCC vote for net neutrality?

The FCC just voted in favor of a strong Net Neutrality rule to keep the Internet open and free. That happened because millions of Americans across the country didn’t just care about this issue. Read a special thank-you message from the President, then learn more about how we got to where we are today.

What is the FCC’s net neutrality rule?

A federal court of appeals fully upholds the FCC’s strong net neutrality rule, recognizing that an open internet is essential for innovation and economic growth.

What is the FCC’s notice of proposed rulemaking?

The FCC Issues a notice of proposed rulemaking on internet regulatory structure, opening a period during which the public could submit comments on the rule.

How many people signed the We the People petition?

A user creates a petition on the White House’s We the People platform, petitioning the Obama administration to "Restore Net Neutrality By Directing the FCC to Classify Internet Providers as ‘Common Carriers’." The petition went on to be signed by 105,572 users.

Why is the internet important?

An open Internet is essential to the American economy, and increasingly to our very way of life. By lowering the cost of launching a new idea, igniting new political movements, and bringing communities closer together , it has been one of the most significant democratizing influences the world has ever known.

Is the FCC an independent agency?

The FCC is an independent agency, and ultimately this decision is theirs alone. I believe the FCC should create a new set of rules protecting net neutrality and ensuring that neither the cable company nor the phone company will be able to act as a gatekeeper, restricting what you can do or see online. The rules I am asking for are simple, common-sense steps that reflect the Internet you and I use every day, and that some ISPs already observe. These bright-line rules include:

How many people wrote to the FCC?

More than 4 million people wrote in to the FCC, overwhelmingly in support of a free and fair internet. Countless others spoke out on social media, petitioned their government, and stood up for what they believe.

What is the net neutrality preservation act?

Adds article 25 to chapter 9, title 58 so as to enact the "South Carolina Net Neutrality Preservation Act", defines relevant terms, provides that a telecommunications or internet service provider engaged in the provision of broadband internet access service publicly shall disclose accurate information regarding the network management practices, performance, and commercial terms of its broadband internet access services sufficient for consumers to make informed choices regarding use of such services and for content, application, service, and device providers to develop, market, and maintain internet offerings, and prohibits certain practices by telecommunications or internet service providers engaged in the provision of broadband internet access service in South Carolina ; provides that violations of this act are not reasonable in relation to the development and preservation of business and constitute an unfair or deceptive act in trade or commerce and an unfair method of competition for the purpose of applying the South Carolina consumer protection code; and provides that a public entity may not enter into a contract with a telecommunications or internet service provider engaged in the provision of broadband internet access service in South Carolina unless the contract includes a representation that the telecommunications or internet service provider is not currently engaged in, and an agreement that the telecommunications or internet service provider will not engage in, those practices prohibited by this act.

What is KRS 154.15-010?

Amends KRS 154.15-010 to create a definition for paid prioritization; creates a new section of Subchapter 15 of KRS Chapter 154 to require that KentuckyWired contracts between the Kentucky Communications Network Authority and public or private internet service providers contain certain provisions to ensure open and fair access to the network by customers.

What is net neutrality?

Net neutrality is the concept that all data traffic on a network should be treated indiscriminately, and internet service providers (ISPs) would be restricted from blocking, slowing down or speeding up the delivery of online content at their discretion.

What is the rule change for internet service providers?

The rule change places primary jurisdiction over internet service providers’ network management practices under the Federal Trade Commission and preempts states from enacting similar ISP network restrictions as found in the 2015 Open Internet Order.

How many states have net neutrality laws?

Seven states—California, Colorado, Maine, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont and Washington—and Puerto Rico enacted legislation or adopted resolutions in previous legislative sessions. In a deal with the U.S. Department of Justice, California agreed to not enforce its net neutrality law until the lawsuit challenging the Federal Communications Commission’s …

What is the purpose of the state search box?

The box allows you to conduct a full text search or type the state name.

What did the court conclude the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive?

First, the court concluded that the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive, which would have barred states from imposing any rule or requirement that the Commission “repealed or decided to refrain from imposing” in the order or that is “more stringent” than the order.

What is net neutrality?

Net neutrality is the concept that all data traffic on a network should be treated indiscriminately, where internet service providers (ISPs) would be restricted from blocking, slowing down or speeding up the delivery of online content at their discretion.

What is KRS 154.15-010?

Amends KRS 154.15-010 to create a definition for paid prioritization; creates a new section of Subchapter 15 of KRS Chapter 154 to require KentuckyWired contracts between the Kentucky Communications Network Authority and public or private internet service providers contain certain provisions to ensure open and fair access to the network by customers.

How many states have net neutrality laws?

Seven states—California, Colorado, Maine, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont and Washington—and Puerto Rico enacted legislation or adopted resolutions in previous legislative sessions. In a deal with the U.S. Department of Justice, California agreed to not enforce its net neutrality law until the lawsuit challenging the Federal Communications Commission’s repeal of the federal regulations is resolved.

What is a prohibited provider of broadband services?

Prohibits a provider of broadband services from offering or renewing services to consumers within any locality in the commonwealth in which certain media is throttled, blocked, or prioritized on the basis of its content, format, host address, or source.

What is the rule change for internet service providers?

The rule change places primary jurisdiction over internet service providers’ network management practices under the Federal Trade Commission and preempts states from enacting similar ISP network restrictions as found in the 2015 Open Internet Order.

What did the court conclude the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive?

First, the court concluded that the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive, which would have barred states from imposing any rule or requirement that the Commission “repealed or decided to refrain from imposing” in the order or that is “more stringent” than the order.

What is the purpose of the state search box?

The box allows you to conduct a full text search or type the state name.

How did Comcast manipulate the web?

Essentially, Comcast was able to manipulate web traffic by slowing user’s attempts to reach BITtorrent. While it is undeniable that BITtorrent was a host site for illegal downloads, the practice set a dangerous precedent that threatened the future of Net Neutrality.

When did the FCC vote on net neutrality?

After five years of struggling in courts and growing public support for Net Neutrality, the FCC voted in favor of regulating ISPs under Title II once again in February of 2015 (Wang 1). The decision has strengthened Net Neutrality and the chances of preserving a free and open internet.

What is the purpose of Title II of the Act?

These common carriers were required to treat all phone calls the same way. Nearly a century ago the idea that all traffic on a network should be treated equally was put into law.

When did the FCC reclassify modems?

It wasn’t until 2002 that the FCC reclassified cable modem services as “information services” and effectively lifting the regulations designated in Title II of the Communication’s Act (“Net Neutrality Overview”). Some argued that Title II was outdated and over regulated internet service providers (ISPs).

Did the FCC go after Comcast?

Fortunately the FCC saw this abuse of power as a problem and attempted to go after Comcast to defend Net Neutrality. While the FCC eventually lost in court, it laid the groundwork for future attempts at upholding Net Neutrality.

Why do telecom companies hate net neutrality?

Big telecom companies hate the stricter regulation that comes with the net neutrality rules and have fought them fiercely in court. They say the regulations can undermine investment in broadband and introduce uncertainty about what were acceptable business practices. They say they prefer a national approach to a state-by-state one, but the industry has fought prior federal net neutrality rules. And with a Senate divided 50-50 between the parties, legislation in Congress may not draw enough support to pass.

How long does it take for the FCC to revisit net neutrality?

FCC proceedings can typically take months, if not years, to complete.

Why should internet providers treat all web traffic equally?

In a nutshell, it’s the principle that internet providers should treat all web traffic equally to ensure a free and open network. It’s pretty much how the internet has worked since its creation. Consumer advocates, internet companies like Mozilla and Democrats were concerned that huge broadband providers might wield their clout to boost their own business.

When did the FCC start implementing net neutrality?

Efforts to put federal net-neutrality rules in place go back more than a decade. Courts quashed efforts before 2015, when the Democrat-run FCC approved stronger rules based on a fundamental 1934 communications law. In addition to the standard net-neutrality protections, that order also gave the FCC broad powers to go after companies for business practices that weren’t explicitly banned. Courts upheld the rules, but Trump’s FCC undid them, saying they were "heavy-handed, utility-style regulation" that impeded investment in internet infrastructure.

What is Section 230?

Lawmakers have proposed revising a legal provision called Section 230, which currently shields internet companies from liability for their users’ posts. Social media companies are under scrutiny for their privacy and content moderation decisions. Some of net neutrality’s early boosters had already stepped back.

Why are Facebook and Google suing?

For instance, federal and state regulators are suing Facebook and Google for allegedly abusing their market power. Amazon and Apple have also faced inquiries. Democrats are seeking to overhaul antitrust law so that it’s harder for dominant companies to buy up smaller competitors. Lawmakers have proposed revising a legal provision called Section 230, which currently shields internet companies from liability for their users’ posts. Social media companies are under scrutiny for their privacy and content moderation decisions.

Is net neutrality a hot button issue?

Net neutrality is no longer the hot-button issue for tech companies that it once was. Computer & Communications Industry Association president Matt Schruers acknowledges that while the issue remains important, net neutrality has been “crowded out” by a host of other tech-policy issues as well as the coronavirus and economic crises.

Why is Net Neutrality Important?

Proponents of net neutrality argue that it is necessary to establish this rule and enshrine it in law to protect the freedom and openness of the internet.

What are the three main points of net neutrality?

Net neutrality’s three main points are no blocking, no throttling (intentionally slowing down a connection), and no paying-for-preference. Including these elements in a policy of internet regulation seems to be a no-brainer to the average person, but, as you will see, ISPs claim things aren’t so simple.

Why do ISPs want to charge more?

Because of this, ISPs want to be able to charge these customers more, which they claim will allow them to invest more in innovation and infrastructure, thus improving the net for everyone.

Why is the FCC’s lack of rules so bad?

Unfortunately, what makes things worse is that the FCC’s lack of rules means ISPs don’t have to release data related to throttling and blocking. This is concerning because it means they could most certainly be doing it. It’s just that no one is noticing.

What is net neutrality?

In general, the concept of "net neutrality" refers to the idea that the internet should remain as free and open as possible. In other words, no one can "own" the internet or take excessive control over the types of content that are published there.

When did Obama support net neutrality?

Always the champion of progressive causes, Barack Obama first came out supporting net neutrality when he was still a senator from Illinois back in 2007.

What does it mean when no one is paying attention to the internet?

The fact that no one is paying any attention to them means we run the risk of decisions being made or laws being passed that can significantly affect us all, without anyone knowing it happened. One such issue that seems to have fallen from the public eye in recent times is net neutrality.

what is obama net neutrality law

what is obama net neutrality law插图

What is net neutrality and why does it matter?

President Obama has been advocating for Net Neutrality since his first presidential campaign. It refers to the basic principle that Internet Service Providers (ISP) should treat Internet traffic equally without blocking particular websites and should enable access to all applications and content regardless of the source.

When was the net neutrality law passed?

When was the current net neutrality law passed? After a request from President Obama after public comments, the FCC voted in February 2015 to classify consumer broadband service as a public utility under Title II Order of the 1934 Communications Act.

Will the FCC vote to remove net neutrality rules?

The Federal Communications Commission will vote Thursday on whether to remove net neutrality rules instituted during the Obama administration, after a proposal by President Donald Trump ‘s appointed FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, who suggested in May removing the classification for internet service providers (ISPs) as public utilities.

Are net neutrality rules at risk of being overturned?

— — Net neutrality rules put in place under the Obama administration are at risk of being overturned.

What did Obama say about net neutrality?

What Obama said: "… the court reviewing the rules agreed with the FCC that net neutrality was essential for preserving an environment that encourages new investment in the network, new online services and content…"

What is Obama’s net neutrality statement?

Obama’s net neutrality statement is based mainly on two laws, two Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulatory decisions and two court cases: A 1980 FCC decision that Internet service could not be regulated as aggressively as telephone service.

What did the FCC say about transparency?

One thing the court did uphold in the January 2014 ruling was the FCC’s requirement for transparency, saying ISPs have to "disclose the network management practices, performance characteristics, and terms and conditions of their broadband services." In other words, ISPs can discriminate against certain Internet content, but they have to tell you that they are doing so.

When did Obama nominate Wheeler?

Background: That’s true, but Obama certainly has clout. He appointed Wheeler to the FCC in November 2013. And the four other FCC commissioners are split evenly between conservatives who are against the common carrier designation and two liberals who are in favor of them.

When did the FCC decide that data services were not common carriers?

Background: The FCC had sunk its own case way back in 1980, when it decided that data services, unlike telephone voice services, were not what Title II of the 1934 Telecommunications Act called "common carriers."

What does the law say about telecommunications?

What the law says: "The commission … shall encourage the deployment on a reasonable and timely basis of advanced telecommunications capability to all Americans … by utilizing, in a manner consistent with the public interest, convenience and necessity, price cap regulation, regulatory forbearance, measures that promote competition in the local telecommunications market or other regulating methods that remove barriers to infrastructure investment."

How many words is Obama’s statement?

Obama’s roughly 1,100-word statement is carefully constructed around esoteric excerpts from U.S. telecommunications law and recent legal precedent. It’s worth reading the full statement on the White House’s website. But to put it in context, take a look at this deconstruction of the legal background for the most important statements.

What did the Net Neutrality Act allow?

Establishes the Net Neutrality Protection Act of 2018, prohibits unreasonable interference with or unreasonably disadvantaging end users’ ability to select, access, and use broadband Internet access service or the lawful internet content, applications, services, or devices of their choice, or edge providers’ ability to

What does the FCC have to do with net neutrality?

In 2005, the FCC adopted network neutrality principles “to preserve and promote the vibrant and open character of the Internet as the telecommunications marketplace enters the broadband age.” Between 2005 and 2012, five attempts to pass bills in Congress containing net neutrality provisions failed.

Is net neutrality a federal law?

Urges President and Congress of United States to restore “net neutrality” in federal law. Establishes “New Jersey Net Neutrality Act.” Prohibits awarding of public contracts to internet service providers, unless internet service providers adhere to principle of “net neutrality.”

What is the best definition of net neutrality?

The concept that all data on the internet should be treated equally by corporations, such as internet service providers, and governments, regardless of content, user, platform, application or device.

Who supports net neutrality?

Support. Proponents of net neutrality regulations include consumer advocates, human rights organizations such as Article 19, online companies and some technology companies.

Who runs the FCC?

Ajit Pai is the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. He was designated Chairman by President Donald J. Trump in January 2017. He had previously served as Commissioner at the FCC, appointed by then-President Barack Obama and confirmed unanimously by the United States Senate in May 2012.

Is the Internet regulated by the federal government?

Through this, the FCC classified the internet as a regulated utility under the 1934 Telecommunications Act.

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Why did Obama ask the FCC to make the Internet a public utility?

Earlier this week, President Obama asked the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to implement stricter rules in the effort to protect Net Neutrality. The President is pushing for a plan that will have the FCC classify the Internet as a public utility (like water or electricity) in order to avoid such concepts as throttling or paid …

Why should broadband be reclassified?

This should be done because Title II has so many cryptic provisions that don’t directly apply to broadband services.

Why is net neutrality important for small businesses?

As a small business, it would be in your benefit if Obama’s Net Neutrality plan is adopted by the FCC because it will put you on a level playing field with big corporations. If the plan doesn’t go through, the Internet providers could charge premiums and those big corporations will have no problem paying those fees and gaining access with optimal speed, while your small business may not have the budget to pay for such fees. It will be hard for your business to grow if you don’t have a website accessible at high-speed, which in turn could effect your search rankings on Google.

What does "throttling" mean?

No throttling – Throttling refers to the intentional speeding up or slowing down of certain content by ISPs.

How many steps to take to protect your business?

Attorney Seth Heyman lists eight steps your must take to protect your business before launch and two steps to take afterward.

How many bills has Jerry Brown signed?

California Gov. Jerry Brown recently completed acting on the 1,217 bills that came across his desk this year. He has signed 1,016 of them into law, with the majority taking effect…

Why did Verizon vs FCC not have authority?

FCC lawsuit, in which the courts deemed that the FCC did not have authority to enforce portions of the Open Internet Order because ISPs were not considered common carriers, i.e., public utilities. In 2015 the FCC voted to deem ISPs common carriers and therefore put them under the jurisdiction of a Title II order. It’s worth noting that Pai previously served as an associate general counsel for Verizon Communications from 2001 to 2003, according to his FCC biography.

What is net neutrality?

Net neutrality, or the open internet, is the idea that internet service providers (ISPs) are considered common carriers or public utilities, like electric, water and railroad companies. — — Net neutrality rules put in place under the Obama administration are at risk of being overturned.

What is the purpose of Title II classification?

Supporters of Title II classification say it keeps the internet open and accessible to anyone, regardless of socioeconomic status. Without the current regulations, they claim ISPs could charge more for access to specific sites and censor content.

Is the internet a common carrier?

Under this order, the internet is deemed a common carrier or public utility, so ISPs are regulated. Other public utilities include electricity and phone service companies. Net neutrality rules take effect: What it means for you. ISPs surprise net neutrality fans on protest day.

When did the FCC decide to classify broadband as a public utility?

After a request from President Obama after public comments, the FCC voted in February 2015 to classify consumer broadband service as a public utility under Title II Order of the 1934 Communications Act.

Who proposed removing net neutrality?

The Federal Communications Commission will vote Thursday on whether to remove net neutrality rules instituted during the Obama administration, after a proposal by President Donald Trump ’s appointed FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, who suggested in May removing the classification for internet service providers (ISPs) as public utilities.

Is Sonic an ISP?

Stanley said they consider as allies smaller ISPs that came out in support of the day of action and the current FCC regulations. Sonic, a midsize regional ISP, took a stance in support in an effort to "protect the internet and protect competition."

Why is net neutrality such a big deal?

If there’s one thing that both sides can agree on, it’s that the internet is increasingly central to our lives. Any change to how it’s regulated is a hot button issue. (Remember the uproar over repealing internet privacy protections last year?)

How will the internet providers be regulated now?

The FCC did away with rules barring internet providers from blocking or slowing down access to online content. The FCC also eliminated a rule barring providers from prioritizing their own content.

Is there a chance the repeal is, well, repealed?

The Senate passed a measure to preserve the net neutrality rules last month. On Thursday, with the official repeal date looming, dozens of senators sent a letter to House Speaker Paul Ryan urging him to schedule a vote on the issue.

What is the FCC order that took effect?

The FCC order that just took effect asserts authority to prevent states from pursuing laws inconsistent with the net neutrality repeal.

What is net neutrality?

What exactly is net neutrality? The net neutrality rules were approved by the FCC in 2015 amid an outpouring of online support. The intention was to keep the internet open and fair. Under the rules, internet service providers were required to treat all online content the same.

When did net neutrality go away?

The repeal of Obama-era net neutrality protections officially took effect on Monday, nearly six months after the Republican-led Federal Communications Commission voted to roll back the rules . In a press release Monday, the FCC said the repeal does away with "unnecessary, heavy-handed regulations" and replaces them with "common-sense regulations …

How many states have sued to stop net neutrality?

More than 20 states have filed a lawsuit to stop the net neutrality repeal. Several states, including New Jersey, Washington, Oregon and California, have gone so far as to push legislation to enforce the principles of net neutrality within their borders.

How many BSPs are there?

But anyway, there are 6 BSPs available for most people, and the FCC competition reports will tell you how few people actually only have one choice.

What does Title II mean?

First, Title II — properly applied — means that Broadband Service Providers (“BSPs”) get to charge “edge” providers, such as Google and Netflix, a positive price for terminating their bits to broadband users. Let me repeat: Title II does not mean edge providers are exempt from paying a fee for transmission of their content. By statutory definition under Title II, a “telecommunications service” is a service sold “for a fee.” Moreover, these edge providers impose a direct cost on the network and, as such, the Fifth Amendment demands that BSPs be compensated appropriately. As such, Title II prohibits the FCC from imposing a “below cost” (i.e., “confiscatory”) rate of zero .

How many phone lines does a T1 have?

Dude, a T1 is just a bunch of twisted pairs. 24 phone lines. LMAO 1.5 MBPS ancient tech.

When it comes to water pipes and power lines, does the government run the wires?

when it comes to water pipes and power lines, the government runs the wires/tubes and opens it to all provides or acts as the providers themselves in a non profit manner. When the government sells the monopoly rights to a private organization you have a problem

Is Comcast a consumer facing company?

And he is absolutely correct. Comcast is one of the most reviled consumer facing companies in the US and Ajit Pai’s misguided move ensures that they will be able to continue to milk their unhappy customers without worry about competition.

Is net neutrality a debate?

The current iteration of the net-neutrality debate is not really about an “Open Internet” or free speech or even apple pie; it’s about whether government should be permitted to expand its power and encroach on private actors’ due process protections. At stake, in other words, is whether an administrative agency should be permitted to re-write the law — especially when it does so simply to fit a political agenda.

Is a poorly run government utility superior to the government?

I am well aware of government ineptitude. But a poorly run government utility (water, sewer, electric, roads) is in fact vastly superior to the government handing a monopoly mandate to their cronies (internet, phone, TV).

What is Comcast’s throttling of online file sharing?

Comcast’s throttling of online file-sharing through BitTorrent. In 2007, Comcast, the nation’s largest cable TV operator and second largest ISP, discriminated against an entire class of online activities in 2007 by using deep packet inspection to block file transfers from customers using popular peer-to-peer networks such as BitTorrent, eDonkey, and Gnutella. Comcast’s actions, which were confirmed in nationwide tests conducted by the Associated Press, were unrelated to network congestion, since the blocking took place at times when the network was not congested. Comcast blocked applications that are often used to trade videos — pirated content but also much legitimate content. Critics noted that Comcast hopes to sell online video itself. The FCC subsequently took action against Comcast for this abuse; Comcast stopped the throttling but also challenged the order in court and won, leading to a crisis in enforcement of network neutrality.

How long does it take for the CRA to reverse?

The CRA is a relatively new tool that allows Congress to reverse regulatory actions within 60 legislative days of their enactment. Congress can use this tool to reverse the FCC’s action. Every American should press their members of Congress to support such a reversal via the CRA. 1.

Why is the phone company not allowed to do that?

The phone company isn’t allowed to do that because telephone service is treated under the law as a “common carrier” that has a responsibility to treat all traffic neutrally. But this is what the FCC is now proposing to do: remove the equivalent rules for broadband internet. 4.

What is network neutrality?

Network neutrality means applying well-established “common carrier” rules to the internet in order to preserve its freedom and openness. Common carriage prohibits the owner of a network that holds itself out to all-comers from discriminating against information by halting, slowing, or otherwise tampering with the transfer of any data (except for legitimate network management purposes such as easing congestion or blocking spam).

What happened to Telus in 2005?

Telus’ blocking of striking workers’ web site. In 2005, the Canadian telecom, involved in a bitter labor dispute, blocked its internet subscribers from accessing a website run by the union that was on strike against Telus.

How do telecom companies interfere with data flow?

And they can program the computers that route that information to interfere with the data flow by slowing down or blocking traffic and communicators that they don’t like, and speeding up traffic they do like or that pays them extra for the privilege.

When did the FCC vote to open the internet?

On December 14, 2017 , the Trump FCC voted to make the open internet — and the “network neutrality” principles that sustain it — a thing of the past. What you can see on the internet, along with the quality of your connection, are at risk of falling victim to the profit-seeking whims of powerful telecommunications giants.

Why do telecom companies hate net neutrality?

Big telecom companies hate the stricter regulation that comes with the net neutrality rules and have fought them fiercely in court. They say the regulations can undermine investment in broadband and introduce uncertainty about what were acceptable business practices. They say they prefer a national approach to a state-by-state one, but the industry has fought prior federal net neutrality rules. And with a Senate divided 50-50 between the parties, legislation in Congress may not draw enough support to pass.

How long does it take for the FCC to revisit net neutrality?

FCC proceedings can typically take months, if not years, to complete.

Why should internet providers treat all web traffic equally?

In a nutshell, it’s the principle that internet providers should treat all web traffic equally to ensure a free and open network. It’s pretty much how the internet has worked since its creation. Consumer advocates, internet companies like Mozilla and Democrats were concerned that huge broadband providers might wield their clout to boost their own business.

When did the FCC start implementing net neutrality?

Efforts to put federal net-neutrality rules in place go back more than a decade. Courts quashed efforts before 2015, when the Democrat-run FCC approved stronger rules based on a fundamental 1934 communications law. In addition to the standard net-neutrality protections, that order also gave the FCC broad powers to go after companies for business practices that weren’t explicitly banned. Courts upheld the rules, but Trump’s FCC undid them, saying they were "heavy-handed, utility-style regulation" that impeded investment in internet infrastructure.

What is Section 230?

Lawmakers have proposed revising a legal provision called Section 230, which currently shields internet companies from liability for their users’ posts. Social media companies are under scrutiny for their privacy and content moderation decisions. Some of net neutrality’s early boosters had already stepped back.

Why are Facebook and Google suing?

For instance, federal and state regulators are suing Facebook and Google for allegedly abusing their market power. Amazon and Apple have also faced inquiries. Democrats are seeking to overhaul antitrust law so that it’s harder for dominant companies to buy up smaller competitors. Lawmakers have proposed revising a legal provision called Section 230, which currently shields internet companies from liability for their users’ posts. Social media companies are under scrutiny for their privacy and content moderation decisions.

Is net neutrality a hot button issue?

Net neutrality is no longer the hot-button issue for tech companies that it once was. Computer & Communications Industry Association president Matt Schruers acknowledges that while the issue remains important, net neutrality has been “crowded out” by a host of other tech-policy issues as well as the coronavirus and economic crises.

What did Trump call the appeals court ruling?

Trump called the appeals court ruling a big win for the future of the internet, including 5G wireless, the next generation in mobile technology. The FCC is one of several federal agencies that has moved quickly to deregulate since Trump took control of the White House after the 2016 election. The Republican-led FCC voted in 2017 to dismantle the popular open internet rules adopted under President Barack Obama, arguing that the rules had stifled investment because they imposed utility-style regulation on the internet.

What did supporters of Obama’s era rule say about the FCC?

Supporters of the Obama-era rules have said the FCC’s deregulation has left a void in which broadband providers can abuse their power as gatekeepers of the internet by squelching online competitors, limiting the sites and services consumers can access and overcharging.

Did the FCC overstep its authority?

But the decision wasn’t a total victory for the agency: The court also found that the FCC had overstepped its authority when it banned states from enacting their own open internet rules , as Rosenworcel pointed out. Now, the fight to restore net neutrality rules will likely head to the states.

Did Pai repeal net neutrality?

Last week, the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit upheld Pai’s 2017 order to repeal the net neutrality rules, finding the agency had not overstepped its authority. It was an important win for Republicans at the agency. Consumer groups, tech companies and local government officials had sued to restore rules passed in the previous administration.

Who is the FCC Commissioner?

FCC Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel, one of two Democrats on the commission, pointed out that the decision wasn’t a total victory for the FCC. "The court told the FCC it couldn’t stop states from making their own #NetNeutrality rules," she wrote in a tweet. This is wrong.

Is Jessica Rosenworcel a Democrat?

But Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel, a Democrat, points out the decision isn’t a total victory. Marguerite Reardon.

Can discussion threads be closed?

We delete comments that violate our policy, which we encourage you to read. Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion.

Why do companies want net neutrality?

Some who favor net neutrality the most are political groups who want to make sure that they are able to get their ads and publicity to the public without interference from the cable company.

When did the FCC repeal net neutrality?

When the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to repeal net neutrality rules in December 2017, it was the latest but hardly the last move in a hotly contested battle over regulating Internet service providers (ISPs).

When did the FCC reclassify broadband?

After studying this shift, the FCC in 2015 reclassified broadband as a telecommunication service. This gave them much more regulatory authority over the industry, and they used this power to put in place strong net neutrality rules designed to prevent ISPs from discriminating against providers of content and services. Now the FCC has reversed course.

Does Hulu have its own streaming service?

Think of all the competition in video streaming—Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu, CBS, and HBO have their own streaming services—none of these services can be thwarted, slowed down, or discriminated against by the ISP under current net neutrality rules. This means consumers get to make their own choices.

Who wrote the amicus brief?

Professor Christopher Jon Sprigman wrote an amicus brief aimed at overturning the net neutrality repeal on behalf of members of Congress. Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Rep. Anna Eshoo (D-Ca.), and 103 of their Congressional colleagues filed the brief on August 28, 2018.

Where do people get their internet?

Now most people get their internet services from either a cable company or a telephone company, and they use broadband to access email or the New York Times or cloud services from Microsoft. These services have nothing to do with the cable company—people are using broadband internet access basically like the telephone.

Do Europeans have net neutrality?

The Europeans have net neutrality across the EU. By repealing net neutrality, we become out of step with our major trading partners. I frankly don’t think they are going to follow us down that road; I think they’ve made the decision, and they are sticking to it. I don’t expect any comparative advantage to come from our going the opposite direction.

was net neutrality a law

was net neutrality a law插图

Why net neutrality is a bad thing?

Unfortunately, net neutrality is a small part of a wider effort to erode property rights in America. As with eminent domain, zoning laws, and the like, net neutrality holds that it is moral to violate the rights of property owners for the “greater good.”

What is net neutrality and why we need it?

Visit www.aclu.org/freethenet to learn more about how to protect your Internet freedom!Censored Speech and Content. Without Net Neutrality,network providers can block or slow down access to sites they don’t like. …No User Choice. Without Net Neutrality,network providers – not you – will determine what services and equipment you can use on the Internet. …Banned Chat Rooms. …Online Gamer Restrictions. …Expensive Downloads and Pod-casting. …

What is ‘net neutrality’ and why does it matter?

Net neutrality is the principle that internet providers treat all web traffic equally, and it’s pretty much how the internet has worked since its creation.

What are the arguments for and against net neutrality?

Arguments ForRights-Based Arguments: People have a right to a neutral internet,from which they can have reliable access to all information on it,regardless of source.Abuse of Pseudo-Monopoly Power: ISPs have incentive to abuse their position to make profit. …The Internet is a Utility: As mentioned before,it is unwise to treat an ISP as a retailer. …More items…

Why do companies want net neutrality?

Some who favor net neutrality the most are political groups who want to make sure that they are able to get their ads and publicity to the public without interference from the cable company.

When did the FCC repeal net neutrality?

When the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to repeal net neutrality rules in December 2017, it was the latest but hardly the last move in a hotly contested battle over regulating Internet service providers (ISPs).

When did the FCC reclassify broadband?

After studying this shift, the FCC in 2015 reclassified broadband as a telecommunication service. This gave them much more regulatory authority over the industry, and they used this power to put in place strong net neutrality rules designed to prevent ISPs from discriminating against providers of content and services. Now the FCC has reversed course.

Does Hulu have its own streaming service?

Think of all the competition in video streaming—Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu, CBS, and HBO have their own streaming services—none of these services can be thwarted, slowed down, or discriminated against by the ISP under current net neutrality rules. This means consumers get to make their own choices.

Who wrote the amicus brief?

Professor Christopher Jon Sprigman wrote an amicus brief aimed at overturning the net neutrality repeal on behalf of members of Congress. Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Rep. Anna Eshoo (D-Ca.), and 103 of their Congressional colleagues filed the brief on August 28, 2018.

Where do people get their internet?

Now most people get their internet services from either a cable company or a telephone company, and they use broadband to access email or the New York Times or cloud services from Microsoft. These services have nothing to do with the cable company—people are using broadband internet access basically like the telephone.

Do Europeans have net neutrality?

The Europeans have net neutrality across the EU. By repealing net neutrality, we become out of step with our major trading partners. I frankly don’t think they are going to follow us down that road; I think they’ve made the decision, and they are sticking to it. I don’t expect any comparative advantage to come from our going the opposite direction.

What is the net neutrality preservation act?

Adds article 25 to chapter 9, title 58 so as to enact the "South Carolina Net Neutrality Preservation Act", defines relevant terms, provides that a telecommunications or internet service provider engaged in the provision of broadband internet access service publicly shall disclose accurate information regarding the network management practices, performance, and commercial terms of its broadband internet access services sufficient for consumers to make informed choices regarding use of such services and for content, application, service, and device providers to develop, market, and maintain internet offerings, and prohibits certain practices by telecommunications or internet service providers engaged in the provision of broadband internet access service in South Carolina ; provides that violations of this act are not reasonable in relation to the development and preservation of business and constitute an unfair or deceptive act in trade or commerce and an unfair method of competition for the purpose of applying the South Carolina consumer protection code; and provides that a public entity may not enter into a contract with a telecommunications or internet service provider engaged in the provision of broadband internet access service in South Carolina unless the contract includes a representation that the telecommunications or internet service provider is not currently engaged in, and an agreement that the telecommunications or internet service provider will not engage in, those practices prohibited by this act.

What is KRS 154.15-010?

Amends KRS 154.15-010 to create a definition for paid prioritization; creates a new section of Subchapter 15 of KRS Chapter 154 to require that KentuckyWired contracts between the Kentucky Communications Network Authority and public or private internet service providers contain certain provisions to ensure open and fair access to the network by customers.

What is net neutrality?

Net neutrality is the concept that all data traffic on a network should be treated indiscriminately, and internet service providers (ISPs) would be restricted from blocking, slowing down or speeding up the delivery of online content at their discretion.

What is the rule change for internet service providers?

The rule change places primary jurisdiction over internet service providers’ network management practices under the Federal Trade Commission and preempts states from enacting similar ISP network restrictions as found in the 2015 Open Internet Order.

How many states have net neutrality laws?

Seven states—California, Colorado, Maine, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont and Washington—and Puerto Rico enacted legislation or adopted resolutions in previous legislative sessions. In a deal with the U.S. Department of Justice, California agreed to not enforce its net neutrality law until the lawsuit challenging the Federal Communications Commission’s …

What is the purpose of the state search box?

The box allows you to conduct a full text search or type the state name.

What did the court conclude the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive?

First, the court concluded that the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive, which would have barred states from imposing any rule or requirement that the Commission “repealed or decided to refrain from imposing” in the order or that is “more stringent” than the order.

What is net neutrality?

Net neutrality is the concept that all data traffic on a network should be treated indiscriminately, where internet service providers (ISPs) would be restricted from blocking, slowing down or speeding up the delivery of online content at their discretion.

What is KRS 154.15-010?

Amends KRS 154.15-010 to create a definition for paid prioritization; creates a new section of Subchapter 15 of KRS Chapter 154 to require KentuckyWired contracts between the Kentucky Communications Network Authority and public or private internet service providers contain certain provisions to ensure open and fair access to the network by customers.

How many states have net neutrality laws?

Seven states—California, Colorado, Maine, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont and Washington—and Puerto Rico enacted legislation or adopted resolutions in previous legislative sessions. In a deal with the U.S. Department of Justice, California agreed to not enforce its net neutrality law until the lawsuit challenging the Federal Communications Commission’s repeal of the federal regulations is resolved.

What is a prohibited provider of broadband services?

Prohibits a provider of broadband services from offering or renewing services to consumers within any locality in the commonwealth in which certain media is throttled, blocked, or prioritized on the basis of its content, format, host address, or source.

What is the rule change for internet service providers?

The rule change places primary jurisdiction over internet service providers’ network management practices under the Federal Trade Commission and preempts states from enacting similar ISP network restrictions as found in the 2015 Open Internet Order.

What did the court conclude the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive?

First, the court concluded that the FCC had not shown legal authority to issue its Preemption Directive, which would have barred states from imposing any rule or requirement that the Commission “repealed or decided to refrain from imposing” in the order or that is “more stringent” than the order.

What is the purpose of the state search box?

The box allows you to conduct a full text search or type the state name.

What is Comcast’s throttling of online file sharing?

Comcast’s throttling of online file-sharing through BitTorrent. In 2007, Comcast, the nation’s largest cable TV operator and second largest ISP, discriminated against an entire class of online activities in 2007 by using deep packet inspection to block file transfers from customers using popular peer-to-peer networks such as BitTorrent, eDonkey, and Gnutella. Comcast’s actions, which were confirmed in nationwide tests conducted by the Associated Press, were unrelated to network congestion, since the blocking took place at times when the network was not congested. Comcast blocked applications that are often used to trade videos — pirated content but also much legitimate content. Critics noted that Comcast hopes to sell online video itself. The FCC subsequently took action against Comcast for this abuse; Comcast stopped the throttling but also challenged the order in court and won, leading to a crisis in enforcement of network neutrality.

How long does it take for the CRA to reverse?

The CRA is a relatively new tool that allows Congress to reverse regulatory actions within 60 legislative days of their enactment. Congress can use this tool to reverse the FCC’s action. Every American should press their members of Congress to support such a reversal via the CRA. 1.

Why is the phone company not allowed to do that?

The phone company isn’t allowed to do that because telephone service is treated under the law as a “common carrier” that has a responsibility to treat all traffic neutrally. But this is what the FCC is now proposing to do: remove the equivalent rules for broadband internet. 4.

What is network neutrality?

Network neutrality means applying well-established “common carrier” rules to the internet in order to preserve its freedom and openness. Common carriage prohibits the owner of a network that holds itself out to all-comers from discriminating against information by halting, slowing, or otherwise tampering with the transfer of any data (except for legitimate network management purposes such as easing congestion or blocking spam).

What happened to Telus in 2005?

Telus’ blocking of striking workers’ web site. In 2005, the Canadian telecom, involved in a bitter labor dispute, blocked its internet subscribers from accessing a website run by the union that was on strike against Telus.

How do telecom companies interfere with data flow?

And they can program the computers that route that information to interfere with the data flow by slowing down or blocking traffic and communicators that they don’t like, and speeding up traffic they do like or that pays them extra for the privilege.

When did the FCC vote to open the internet?

On December 14, 2017 , the Trump FCC voted to make the open internet — and the “network neutrality” principles that sustain it — a thing of the past. What you can see on the internet, along with the quality of your connection, are at risk of falling victim to the profit-seeking whims of powerful telecommunications giants.

Do we have net neutrality 2020?

Twenty states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico introduced net neutrality legislation in the 2020 legislative session. Separately, legislators have introduced measures that would restrict ISPs’ use of customer information and adopt privacy protections.

Who started net neutrality?

The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier, which was used to describe the role of telephone systems.

What is net neutrality law?

Net neutrality law refers to laws and regulations which enforce the principle of net neutrality. Opponents of net neutrality enforcement claim regulation is unnecessary, because broadband service providers have no plans to block content or degrade network performance.

How does net neutrality affect IP address?

Without enforcing Net Neutrality, much of the control over the Internet is transferred to ISPs, meaning that much of this intelligence is transferred to the network, which violates the end-to-end principle. … Thus, the task of an ISP is to help route packets from a source IP address to a destination IP address.

Why has the Internet operated under net neutrality?

The Internet is neutral because it was built on phone lines, which are subject to ‘common carriage’ laws. These laws require phone companies to treat all calls and customer equally. They cannot offer extra benefits to customers willing to pay higher premiums for faster or clearer calls, a model knows as tiered service.

Is net neutrality constitutional?

Net Neutrality, United States Constitution, Constitutionality. Net Neutrality is a clever name. … The legal basis for Net Uniformity in the United States of America must come from its constitution.

Is there net neutrality in Canada?

In Canada, under the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1993, internet providers are considered utilities which are subject to regulations which in spirit predate later debates about net neutrality that state that service providers can’t giveundue or un reasonable preference,” nor can they influence the content being …

How did Comcast manipulate the web?

Essentially, Comcast was able to manipulate web traffic by slowing user’s attempts to reach BITtorrent. While it is undeniable that BITtorrent was a host site for illegal downloads, the practice set a dangerous precedent that threatened the future of Net Neutrality.

When did the FCC vote on net neutrality?

After five years of struggling in courts and growing public support for Net Neutrality, the FCC voted in favor of regulating ISPs under Title II once again in February of 2015 (Wang 1). The decision has strengthened Net Neutrality and the chances of preserving a free and open internet.

What is the purpose of Title II of the Act?

These common carriers were required to treat all phone calls the same way. Nearly a century ago the idea that all traffic on a network should be treated equally was put into law.

When did the FCC reclassify modems?

It wasn’t until 2002 that the FCC reclassified cable modem services as “information services” and effectively lifting the regulations designated in Title II of the Communication’s Act (“Net Neutrality Overview”). Some argued that Title II was outdated and over regulated internet service providers (ISPs).

Did the FCC go after Comcast?

Fortunately the FCC saw this abuse of power as a problem and attempted to go after Comcast to defend Net Neutrality. While the FCC eventually lost in court, it laid the groundwork for future attempts at upholding Net Neutrality.

Why is Net Neutrality Important?

Proponents of net neutrality argue that it is necessary to establish this rule and enshrine it in law to protect the freedom and openness of the internet.

What are the three main points of net neutrality?

Net neutrality’s three main points are no blocking, no throttling (intentionally slowing down a connection), and no paying-for-preference. Including these elements in a policy of internet regulation seems to be a no-brainer to the average person, but, as you will see, ISPs claim things aren’t so simple.

Why do ISPs want to charge more?

Because of this, ISPs want to be able to charge these customers more, which they claim will allow them to invest more in innovation and infrastructure, thus improving the net for everyone.

Why is the FCC’s lack of rules so bad?

Unfortunately, what makes things worse is that the FCC’s lack of rules means ISPs don’t have to release data related to throttling and blocking. This is concerning because it means they could most certainly be doing it. It’s just that no one is noticing.

What is net neutrality?

In general, the concept of "net neutrality" refers to the idea that the internet should remain as free and open as possible. In other words, no one can "own" the internet or take excessive control over the types of content that are published there.

When did Obama support net neutrality?

Always the champion of progressive causes, Barack Obama first came out supporting net neutrality when he was still a senator from Illinois back in 2007.

What does it mean when no one is paying attention to the internet?

The fact that no one is paying any attention to them means we run the risk of decisions being made or laws being passed that can significantly affect us all, without anyone knowing it happened. One such issue that seems to have fallen from the public eye in recent times is net neutrality.

What is California’s net neutrality law?

SB-822, better known as the California Internet Consumer Protection and Net Neutrality Act of 2018, was signed into law on Sept. 30 of that year by then-governor Jerry Brown.

What took the California Internet Consumer Protection and Net Neutrality Act of 2018 so long to be implemented?

California’s net neutrality act can finally go into effect, more than two years after it was signed. So, what took it so long?

Is net neutrality reinstated in California?

While California’s own net neutrality saga appears to be coming to a close, the fight to revive net neutrality at the federal level is on once again. Groups like the ACLU are putting pressure on President Biden and the Democratic Party to reinstate the Obama-era net neutrality laws, which the Trump administration quashed.

What is the new law in Washington that protects net neutrality?

Washington’s new law, House Bill 2282, protects those net neutrality rules at the state level, ensuring that internet providers cannot advantageously manipulate internet speeds and access to content.

What is paid prioritization?

And it will prohibit them from favoring certain traffic for the company’s own benefit, a practice referred to as paid prioritization.

Which state passed net neutrality?

Washington becomes first state to pass net neutrality protections into law | Governor Jay Inslee.

Which state was the first to pass a law to protect net neutrality?

With his signature, Washington became the first state in the nation to pass a law to protect net neutrality.